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Backyard Composting is for the gardeners and non-gardeners alike. For me, it’s a necessity: it’s a part of ADULTING!

We all have to deal with food scraps, EVERY DAY! Think of it as a responsibility not only to your home but to your environment too! 

It isn’t simple to start a backyard compost especially if you’ve never heard nor have done it before. So, here’s an example: Mama putting eggshells on a flower pot. That’s backyard composting! 

The eggshells act as a fertilizer to plants. Eggshells provide plants- calcium. Don’t worry, I won’t give you a lecture on Botany. Let’s not make it any harder for the both of us, ha-ha!

Backyard Composting might sound challenging and tedious at first. This is why we simplified it for you in 6 easy and fun steps!

Step 1: Look for a location

When you are planning for backyard composting, choose a location with access to a water source and an area receiving moderate sunlight. Too much heat from the sun will dry out your composting material. 

AND

Choose a location far from your pet’s reach. You don’t want them eating your compost, ugh!  

Read: 7 Surprising Things You Can Recycle That You Probably Don’t Know About

guide to backyard composting

Step 2: What organic materials do you have?

Got a perfect location for the compost but we’re far from harvesting the good soil yet. Look for organic materials to put in your compost. 

Here’s a list of organic materials you can find at home which you can use for your compost:

Browns (DRY) Greens (WET)
Dead leaves
Corn Stalks
Newspaper
Food soiled carbon 
Teabags/ Coffee Grounds
Grass clippings
Weeds
Egg Eggshells
Vegetable and fruit scraps

Note:

It’s not a good idea to add materials to a compost bin. It will slow down the process of decomposition or it will attract animals: so, don’t put your leftovers in your compost!

Step 3: Container

You now have your organic materials for your compost. Next, you have to look for a container. It’s ideal to have a pile that is approximately 1 cubic yard (3 feet x 3 feet x 3 feet) in size. This easy to assemble and expandable compost bin is perfect for the job!.

The bin’s size is important in maintaining the proper temperature. Do you wanna know the science behind it? Smaller bins cannot hold enough temperature and larger ones suffocate the microbes in the center of the pile. 

Phew, that’s already too much of Science. Let’s now start building your pile!

Read: 5 Ways to Reduce Your Waste in Your Home

ultimate guide to backyard composting

Step 4:  Build a Pile

As a general rule of thumb, it’s best to alternate dry and wet materials to give your microorganisms an excellent condition to decompose your trash! 

Chop or break up large pieces of twigs or vegetables and fruit scraps. Microorganisms are like babies, they choke on large quantities of food. 

If you aren’t sure how to mix your compost, let me share the best mix for your backyard compost: 

Two parts brown + 1 part green. (2:1 ratio)

Step 5: Just like humans, compost piles need fresh air too!

It’s just a matter of time before your microorganisms decompose your food scraps. Just patiently wait. 

What you can do right now is to keep it turning. Turn it upside down for a good circulation of air: this will also prevent it from smelling bad!

Step 6: It’s harvest time!

It’s done! You can now harvest your fresh black gold! You know it’s ready when it looks (moist and dark) and smells like rich soil (earthy smell). 

Start adding 2-4 inches of your black soil to your garden (if you have one) and the trees and be amazed by how the plants and trees respond!


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